Cavity which is also called as tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems across the world. Most of the individuals have cavities in their mouth. So it’s important to know the nature of cavities and how to get rid of them. A cavity occurs when certain micro-organisms release acids in the mouth by reacting on the food particles deposited on the teeth. So it is always recommended to keep the teeth clean and brush, floss on regular basis.For more details please log in to www.aesthetica.co.in
Cavities can occur on any part of the tooth. Usually the cavities can be seen on the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. This is due to the fact that most of the food gets lodged in the occlusal part of the teeth at the time of mastication. Moreover, food particles which get trapped in between two teeth also cause formation of the cavities if proper oral hygiene is not maintained. Cavities if not treated on time can eventually lead to the degradation of natural tooth and finally loss of tooth. So it’s very crucial to treat the cavities on time.Cavities can occur at any age depending on the diet and oral hygiene habits. If an individual consumes lots of sugary foods or acidic beverages on regular basis then that individual is more likely to have cavities. For this one must take care of the eating habits and develop proper oral hygiene habits, thus following them on regular basis
The treatment for the cavities is basically a filling. The carious part of the tooth is removed and then the filling is done. Now, fillings are of various types depending on the restoration material used by the dentist. Silver amalgam and tooth colored materials like composites are some of the most common restorative materials used by dentists all over the world. Silver amalgam has good strength. They are considered better for the posterior teeth i.e. back teeth as they have low esthetic features. The anterior teeth i.e. front teeth are usually done by the composites as patients usually prefer the esthetic property of the restoration than the strength property. So, tooth colored materials are ideal for such teeth. Before restoration most of the times a base is applied on the floor of the cavity to protect the pulp to eliminate undercuts if present as well as reduce the bulk of metallic restoration done in the tooth. Polycarboxylate cement, zinc oxide eugenol cement as well as glass ionomer cement are some of the commonly used cements. Glass ionomer liquid which comprises of the polyacrylic acid is also used for cavity conditioning.After the cavity is filled, the patient is asked not to eat or drink anything for at least an hour. If the restoration is not done properly then there can be fracture if high points are present after restoration. So the patient is asked to close the mouth and act in the mastication activity to determine if there are any high points. If the patient feels discomfort then the restoration is properly burnished and carved to remove the excess restoration l.