We all have had that awful experience of sensitive teeth. When you have sensitivity, simple actions like drinking cold water or brushing your teeth cause intense pain to shoot up your mouth and virtually makes eating and drinking pretty much impossible.
This acutely painful condition happens when the top enamel wears off Usually. Sensitivity is caused by recession of the gum and losing the exposed cementum which covers the root of the teeth. Another cause is the loss of enamel which leaves the next layer of the tooth-the dentin , exposed. The dentin layer has tubules that lead into the dental pulp that holds the blood vessels and nerves of the teeth. Each time the fluid in the tubules is slightly disturbed by a sudden stimulus, it makes it painful.
There are only a few remedies at home which you can apply before you have to go to your dentist. Most useful among them would be to:
- Immediately begin using desensitizing toothpaste and a soft bristled toothbrush. There is a whole range of these medicinal toothpastes available which are bound to give you momentary relief.
- Using prescription fluoride is a good way of strengthening your tooth enamel and reducing pain. Fluoride is a good relaxant for the sensitive bits of your mouth.
- Try to avoid acidic food. When drinking something like coke, or lemon juice that is corrosive, try using a straw to avoid contact with your teeth.
- Avoid extreme temperatures in your food and fluid. Drinking something too hot or too cold is bound to make your head spin with the pain.
Going to the dentist is of immediate importance however. In all likelihood, the dentist will be treating you through one of these solutions:
Desensitization- If the doctor finds your pain is stemming from the root of your teeth he will try bonding the sensitive spots. After administration a local anesthesia, he might just apply some bonding resin to the root surfaces and fix your pain for good.
If that doesn’t work, the next option is surgically grafting the Gums. This sort of sensitivity often occurs when a part of your mouth loses the gum tissue, and your nerves are exposed to everything you eat and drink. In such a case, gum from another region is cut and grafted on the sensitive spot, effectively soothing the irritation.
If neither of those options works, the doctor is going to say the words dreaded in dental history- Root Canal. This treatment is done to address the soft core inside the tooth which is highly causing the irritation. A root Canal is a pretty common but slightly long procedure. However, it is the best way of fixing this sort of irritation and pain.