Maxillofacial surgery, also known as the orthognathic surgery actually helps to correct the irregularities of your jaw bones and realigns your jaws and your teeth to improve the way they work. Making these corrections may also improve your facial appearance as a secondary result but mostly this surgery is done to restructure your jaw bones.
Jaw surgery may be the best treatment if you have jaw bones issues that cannot be resolved with orthodontics alone then only it is needed. In many cases, you also have braces on your teeth before surgery and during recovery after surgery until your healing and alignment are completed. Your surgeon or orthodontist can also work with your oral and jaw and face surgeon to determine your treatment plan.
Jaw surgery is appropriate after growth stops, usually around ages 14 to 16 years for females and ages 17 to 21 years for male individuals.
Why it's done
Jaw surgery provides assistance to:
• Make chewing and biting easier and improve those overall
• Rightly or correctively excessive wear and breakdown of your teeth
• Give assistance to rightly bite fit or jaw closure issues, like when the molars touch but the front teeth don't touch in an open bite
• Correct facial imbalance asymmetry in your face, such as small chins, underbites, overbites and crossbites
• Actually improve the ability of the lips to fully close comfortably
• Suppose to repair your facial injury or your birth defects
• Provide relief for obstructive sleep apnea
Maxillofacial surgery is generally safe when it is done by some experienced oral or maxillofacial professional or surgeon which is often in collaboration with an orthodontist. But nevertheless the risk is minimum and it generally includes-
• Blood loss
• Nerve injury
• Jaw fracture
• Relapse of the jaw to the original position
• Problems with bite fit and jaw joint pain
• Need for further surgery
• Need for root canal therapy on selected teeth
After surgery, you may experience, issues or problems with eating that can be addressed with nutritional supplements or consultation with a dietitian and a brief time of adjustment to a new facial appearance.
Maxillofacial surgery or the correction alignment of your jaws and teeth with jaw surgery can result in:
• Balanced appearance of your lower face
• Improved function of your teeth
• It also includes health benefits from improved sleep, breathing, chewing and swallowing
• Improvement in speech impairments
Secondary benefits of jaw surgery may include as improved appearance and improved self-esteem.